Can you imagine a world without the buzz of bees, the chirping of birds, the blossoming of flowers, the beautiful greenery of trees? The picturesque dense lush green forests dazzle our spirits. Trees, which are the symbols of beauty and life, are very valuable and necessary to our existence. Trees are the wonderful gifts of nature. They bring peace, tranquility and serenity to our lives. Trees are extraordinary in the sense that they can live up to thousands of years. They fight and outlive everything around them. Let us check some of the heaviest living organism on earth.
Bhagavat Gita banyan tree
The banyan tree in the town of Jyotisar, India, is said to be the oldest tree on earth. This 5000-year-old banyan tree plays an important role in the Hindu Mythology. It is believed that it was under this tree that Lord Krishna delivered the Holy Bhagavad Gita to his wavering friend Arjuna. Banyan trees are sacred to both Hindus and Buddhists. The tree is on the verge of extinction due to improper care and negligence.
This ancient tree of 4,841 years old is located in the White Mountains of California, inInyoNational Forest. The exact location is kept as secret in order to protect it from the public. There was an old tree called Prometheus there but was cut down by a U.S. Forest Service graduate student in 1964 due to severe deterioration. This great Basin Bristlecone pine stands tall in the doorway of time. It is the longest lived tree of all.
Sarv-e-Abarkooh otherwise known as the “Zoroastrian Sarv,” crowns the third position in the list. It is a 4,000-year-oldCypresstree located in Yazd province,Iran. This age old tree is considered as an Iranian monument. It holds a special place in the hearts of Iranians intermingled with religious connotations. Sarv-e Abarqu is believed to be one of the oldest living trees inAsia.
Another oldest tree in the list is Llangernyw Yew with 4000 years of age. It resides in a small churchyard of St. Dygain’s Church in Llangernyw village, northWales. It has been lived through the dawn of civilization. It is thought to be planted sometime in the prehistoric Bronze Age — and it’s still growing! Yew trees are known for their longevity. In 2002, the tree was designated as one of 50 Great British trees by the Tree Council as part of the golden jubilee celebration of Queen Elizabeth II.
Alerce is a Patagonian Cypress which has a history of 35 million years. The common name for this tree is Fitzroya cupressoides and many believe that it is the fifth-longest living tree on earth. To date, the oldest known living specimen is 3,640 years old. This rare tree can be found in the Andes Mountains. To the Chilean locals the wood of the tree is so precious that they used roof shingles made from it as money.
Patriarca da Floresta
Patriarca, comes from the family of Cariniana legalis, and is believed to be 2000 years old. It is the oldest non-conifer inBrazil. This sacred tree is the oldest tree in Atlantic forest. But the species are on the verge of extinction due to deforestation inBrazil,ColombiaandVenezuela.
Olive Tree of Vouves
This olive tree which is supposed to be the oldest olive tree on earth is the resident of Greek island Crete. Although its exact age is under analysis, it is estimated to be 3000 years old. The tree still produces olives. The trunk has a perimeter of 12.5 m and a diameter of 4.6 m. It belongs to the variety tsounati. Some treat it as a natural monument.
Jhomon Sugi is a large cryptomeria tree (yakusugi) located on Yakushima inJapan. The tree’s name is a reference to the Jōmon period of Japanese prehistory. The age of the tree is under speculation. Some estimate the age to be 2,000 years while some other thinks that it could be older than 5000 years. Anyhow, it is the oldest and largest of nearly 2,000-year-old-growth cryptomeria trees on the island and was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Old Chestnut Tree
The chestnut tree known as the “Tree of 100 Horses” is located on the Linguaglossa road, in San D’Alfio, on the slopes of Mount Etna inSicily. Believed to be between 2,000 and 4,000 years old, it is the oldest chestnut tree in the world. The legend behind the tree is that during a trip to Mount Etna, a queen ofAragonand her company of one hundred knights were caught in a severe thunderstorm. The entire company is said to have taken shelter under the tree. This sweet chestnut tree has the Guinness record of “Greatest Tree Girth Ever”.
Te Matua Ngahere
Te Matua Ngahere, a giant Kauri (Agathis Australis) coniferous tree sits in the Waipoua Forest of Northland Region, New Zealand. The tree’s age is estimated between 2000 and 3000 years old. According to the National Geographic Books, it is possibly the oldest tree inNew Zealand, while some other has the opinion that it’s the oldest rainforest tree on earth. The tree’s Maori name means “Father of theForest”.