Mother Earth. The essence of our life. The core of our very existence. She stretches her hands wide enough to hold our dreams, our needs. She feeds us, she nurtures us, and embraces us closely under her wings. Instead, we tear her heart apart and build roads and buildings. We destroy her greenery and misuse her cherished natural gifts of love. We rape her inhumanly, rip off her green attire with lust and selfishness. On the verge of her suffering, she had no other way but to slowly react in her own violent ways.
We, her prodigal sons and daughters, now beg for her mercy and love. We feel like returning to our roots. Various methods have been desperately sought after to eradicate the environment injury we made out of our audacity and arrogance. Today is World Environment Day. Let us remember some of the positive steps we made towards this new eco revolution.
The production and use of fossil energies have raised a serious threat to out environment. Fossil fuels are non-renewable resources because they take millions of years to form, and reserves are being depleted much faster than new ones are being made. Fossil fuels including coal, petroleum, and natural gas contain high percentages of carbon. The burning of fossil fuels produces around 21.3 billion tones of carbon dioxide per year. Carbon dioxide is one of the greenhouse gases that enhance radiative forcing and global warming. Many countries now depend on the production of renewable energies such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, and geothermal heat. Today, the share of renewables in electricity generation is around 19%, with 16% of global electricity coming from hydroelectricity and 3% from new renewables.Chinais the world’s leading investor in clean energy in 2010 with an investment of US$54.4 billion, up from the US$39.1 billion for 2009. It was followed byGermanyand theUnited Statesin the ranking, which invested US$41.2 billion and US$34 billion in the sector respectively last year.
Invention of hybrid vehicles is one of the most important inventions of the decade. In the mid-2000s, the production of electric cars has been renewed due to increasing concerns about oil prices and the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. For every liter of petrol used in a motor vehicle, 2.3 kilograms of carbon dioxide, a major greenhouse gas, is released. If we take diesel, it is higher than petrol. Even though, LPG will produce lower green hose emissions, it has lower energy content. We can do a lot to prevent this catastrophe. You can purchase a vehicle with low fuel consumption and drive it efficiently. This will make a real difference to the amount of greenhouse gas emissions it produces. Another possible solution is switch on to hybrid vehicles. PHEVs may reduce greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to global warming compared with conventional vehicles. Other benefits include improved national energy security, fewer fill-ups at the filling station, the convenience of home recharging, opportunities to provide emergency backup power in the home, and vehicle-to-grid applications.
The average American produces a half-pound of plastic waste every day; while around the world, it is 300 million tons. Though, plastic will undergo some biodegradation, it doesn’t thoroughly break down. In plastic, there are two serious life-threatening chemicals like bisphenol-A or BPA and synthesis of plastics, which are known as phthalates. These dangerous chemicals can create everything from breast cancer to obesity, from attention deficit disorder to genital abnormalities in boys and girls alike. The trash island in the middle of thePacific Ocean, named the pacific garbage patch, is an alarming result of our use of plastic. Use re-usable and washable plastic containers instead of disposable plastic bags to store food and pack lunches. Or else, you can use re-usable cloth grocery bags and decline plastic bags and use self-checkout to reduce bag usage. Other wise we will be creating a world of plastic waste. Now many countries have been banned the use of plastic and is developing biodegradable plastic.
Recycling is the process of turning trash-worthy stuff into new products to prevent waste of potentially useful materials. This will reduce the consumption of fresh raw materials, reduce energy usage, air and water pollution, and lower greenhouse gas emissions. Recycling is a key component of modern waste reduction and is the third component of the “Reduce, Reuse, Recycle” waste hierarchy. Today we implement this recycling to all most all fields like glass, paper, metal, plastic, textiles, and electronics.Switzerlandis the top recycling which recycle 52% of household waste. It is the greenest county as well. We must also be socially responsible for our environment and always remember to use recycled products.
The natural restoring of the forests and woodlands improve the quality of our life. It can restrict pollution and dust from the air, rebuild natural habitats and ecosystems, mitigate global warming since forests facilitate biosequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide. The initial steps were made by US Forest Service in managing forest resources sustainably. InGermany, reforestation is required as part of the federal forest law. According to the second forest inventory of 2001–2003, 31% ofGermanyis forested. InChina, extensive replanting programs have existed since the 1970s. Programs have had overall success. The forest cover has increased from 12% of Chinas land area to 16%. We must accept the fact that forest is life and we should protect it.
So what is your contribution, this World Environment Day? Plant a tree or at least use a recycled product. Let this be a new beginning for a new thought to sprout. Remember many single drops can create a flood.